Slave Roll Name Project – Sampson [Hasket]

The Slave Name Roll Project goal is to recognize slaves mentioned in various documents with the ultimate goal of helping African-American genealogy researchers break through brick walls they encounter before the 1870 census.

The information they gather is:

  1. Name of the enslaved (usually only a given name)
  2. Name of the slave owner
  3. Source of the information (will, estate inventory, court case, deed, etc.)
  4. Date and location of the source information

Here is another page of tax records for Perquimans County, North Carolina (1775)

  1. Sampson and Venus (Venus previously mentioned on 1772 Tax Record)
  2. Mary Hasket
  3. 1775 Tax Record for Perquimans County, North Carolina (page 4)
  4. http://perqtax3.homestead.com/files/perq1775.html

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Slave Name Roll Project – Mingo and Judah [Hasket]

The Slave Name Roll Project goal is to recognize slaves mentioned in various documents with the ultimate goal of helping African-American genealogy researchers break through brick walls they encounter before the 1870 census.

The information they gather is:

  1. Name of the enslaved (usually only a given name)
  2. Name of the slave owner
  3. Source of the information (will, estate inventory, court case, deed, etc.)
  4. Date and location of the source information

 

  1. Mingo and Judah
  2. John Hasket of Perquimans County, North Carolina
  3. 1772 Tax Records of Perquimans County, North Carolina
  4. accessed 6 Sep 2017 at  http://perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1772.html

Slave Name Roll Project – Doll and Venus [Hasket]

The Slave Name Roll Project goal is to recognize slaves mentioned in various documents with the ultimate goal of helping African-American genealogy researchers break through brick walls they encounter before the 1870 census.

The information they gather is:

  1. Name of the enslaved (usually only a given name)
  2. Name of the slave owner
  3. Source of the information (will, estate inventory, court case, deed, etc.)
  4. Date and location of the source information

Here is my first contribution.

  1.  Doll and Venus
  2. Mary Hasket  of  Perquimans County, North Carolina
  3. 1772 Tax Records for Perquimans County, North Carolina
  4. accessed 6 Sep 2017 at http://perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1772.html

Mary Hasket – 6x great-grandmother

After writing about her husband William Hasket, it seems appropriate to also write about Mary.

Mary is mentioned in a Quaker document (date unknown, assuming to be after 1754) indicating her as parent to the following children:

Abraham – born 12-24-1733; married Jemima Lacey
William – born 2-20-1736
Jesse – born 8-4-1738;  died 3-2-1762 (age 23)
John – born 6-11-1741; married Elisabeth Woodly (Woodley)
Isaac – born 4-18-1744
Jemima – born 12-12-1747; died 3-15-1762 just 13 days after brother Jesse (age 14)
Joseph – born 8-15-1749
Silas – born 1-7-1752
Thomas – born 9-13-1754; married Sarah Albertson

41236_302609-00389

 

1772:  Mary is the head of the household in 1772 Tax records for Perquimans County, North Carolina.  I have assumed William is dead at this time since his will is dated early 1772.

 

1775:  Mary is again the head of the household.  She pays her 1775 Taxes (pg 4 of unknown poll taker district) on 3 polls – her son Thomas, and negroes Sampson and Venus.  Sampson appears to have joined the household about the time of William’s death since he is mentioned in William’s will.

 

1779:  Mary pays her 1779 Tax on 61 acres, 2 negroes, 1 horse, and 19 cattle.  I am disturbed by the value placed on human life.  At least the 2 people are worth more than her 61 acres.

 

1781:  An interesting find while researching this family is this Revolutionary War Pay Voucher for Mary Hasket.  I have included the pay voucher for her son John (who is His mother’s link to DAR!)   They are numbered sequentially.  None of the siblings married a woman named Mary.  At this time, her husband William has died and she is living on 61 acres (I’m assuming she still has the land until I find date for the transfer to her son Thomas.)

This might allow for a female supplemental for my mother-in-law!!

Hasket John pay voucher rev warHasket Mary pay voucher Rev War (2)

 

1783:  Mary pays her 1783 taxes in Perquimans County, North Carolina on 2 negroes named Lydia and Samson.  Venus is on the tax record for her son Thomas.  She also has no acreage but Thomas pays a poll on 61 additional acres at this time.  She also has 4 cattle.

 

Mary is not indicated on the 1787 Tax records.  Her will supports the idea she is deceased by this time.

Mary Hasket’s will is dated 9th day, 11 month, 1784 and probated during 1785.  It mentions granddaughter Anne Hasket but does not indicate parent of Anne.  This could be John’s daughter, who married Thomas Hill.  It also mentions sons John, Silas, Thomas.  A Jesse Hasket is a witness but it is unclear if this is a son, nephew, grandson, or other possible relative.

Transcript of Mary Hasket’s will:

North Carolina Perquimons County  ??? all men By these ??? that I Mary Haskit of the County and province aforesaid Do make and ordain these p?? to Be and Contain my Last will and Testament in the following manner and forme  First it is my will that all my just Debts and funeral Expenses Be paid out of my Estate in Due time after my Decease.

Item  I give to my grandaughter Anne Haskit one feather Bed and furniture allso one whie pine Chest Lock and T?? allso Her Choice of my Lining whiels also my Sid Saddle allso my weavers Loome and Hannys? allso one Looking Glass allso my Bose Iron and Heaters also one Small iron post and Hooks

Item I give the one Halfe of the Remaining part of my Estate to my Son John Haskit.

Item  I lieve the other Halfe to Be Equilly Divided Betwist my Two Sons Silas and Thomas Haskit

Item I likewise Nomenate Constitut and appoint my Sons John and Silas Haskets Executors to this my Last will and Testament Heareby Revoking and Disanulling all and Evry other former will or wills Bequeths or Extents Before this time By me Named willed or Bequeths Rattefying and Confirming this and No other to Be my Last will and Testament in  witnessses whearas I Have Heareunto Set my Hand and Seall this Ninth Day of the 11 mo one thousand seven hundred eighty four

John Parker?                                                   Mary Haskit
His marke                                                        Her marke
Jesse Hasket

Hasket mary will original (2)

 

Bibliography/Links

Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.
Original data: Swarthmore, Quaker Meeting Records. Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.North Carolina Yearly Meeting Minutes. Hege Friends Historical Library, Guilford College, Greensboro, North Carolina.Indiana Yearly Meeting Minutes. Earlham College Friends Collection & College Archives, Richmond, Indiana.Haverford, Quaker Meeting Records. Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania.
Ancestry.com. U.S., Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Vol I–VI, 1607-1943 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
Original data: Hinshaw, William Wade, et al., compilers. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. 6 vols. 1936–1950. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991–1994. Hinshaw, William Wade. Marshall, Thomas Worth, comp. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. Supplement to Volume 1. Washington, D.C.: n.p. 1948.
Colson, Harold. “1772 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1772.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold.  “1775 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, http://perqtax3.homestead.com/files/perq1775.html.  Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold.  “1779 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, http://perqtax3.homestead.com/files/perq1779.html.  Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold.  “1783 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, http://perqtax3.homestead.com/files/perq1783.html.  Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
“North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers, 1779-1782,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9W8-J92?cc=1498361&wc=QDRZ-1NG%3A1589672427 : 7 October 2016), Harris, Richard to Hauser, Peter > image 691 of 922; citing State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh.
“North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers, 1779-1782,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99W8-JQ5?cc=1498361&wc=QDRZ-1NG%3A1589672427 : 7 October 2016), Harris, Richard to Hauser, Peter > image 685 of 922; citing State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh.

 

William Hasket – 6x-Great Grandfather

William Hasket (Haskit, Haskett) was born about 1703.  At this time, I am unable to document an exact birth date.  He was married to Mary.  Some undocumented online trees say her name was Mary Wheaton Hollowell.  I can’t find any record of their marriage so who knows what her maiden name really was.  He died about 1772.  (See note with the will below.)  He lived in Perquimans County, North Carolina from at least from 1740 until his death.  I can’t wait to go to this county to look at deed and other court records!!

They had the following children according to Pasquotank Monthly Meeting information from the US Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Vol. 1, page 100.

Abraham – born 12-24-1733; married Jemima Lacey
William – born 2-20-1736
Jesse – born 8-4-1738;  died 3-2-1762 (age 23)
John – born 6-11-1741; married Elisabeth Woodly (Woodley)
Isaac – born 4-18-1744
Jemima – born 12-12-1747; died 3-15-1762 just 13 days after brother Jesse (age 14)
Joseph – born 8-15-1749
Silas – born 1-7-1752
Thomas – born 9-13-1754; married Sarah Albertson

41236_302609-00389

 

1740:  William Hasket first shows up in the 1740 Poll Tax records for Perquimans County, North Carolina.  He was taxed for 1 poll.  (transcribed copy so not putting in a picture.)

1750:  William was indicated as a tax payer in the 1750 Tax records for Perquimans County, North Carolina.  No number was indicated for how many he was taxed for.

 

1754:  William shows up on the 1754 Militia Muster Roll for Perquimans County, North Carolina.  He is in Capt. Stevenson’s Company but this Muster Roll indicated that of the men listed 73 were Quakers.

 

1754:  William has paid a poll tax for 2 in 1754 according the the 1754 Poll Tax records of Perquimans County, North Carolina.  This is a transcribed copy.  It does not indicate if the poll is for another adult male, slave, cattle, horse, etc.

1760:  William also paid poll taxes in 1760 in Perquimans County, North Carolina, along with son John (His Ancestor too).  This record does not indicate how many he was taxed on.  It is also in John Weeke’s district.

 

1765:  I’m noticing a pattern here!  William paid a poll tax in 1765 according the the 1765 Tax records of Perquimans County, North Carolina.  He is still living in the district of John Weeke.  Again, John Weeke did not indicate how many William was taxed on.

 

1771:  Finally!  Some details!  William paid his poll tax for 5 according the the 1771 Tax records of Perquimans County, North Carolina.   He paid for himself, son Silas, son Thomas, and negros Doll and Venus.  No mention of the negro named Samson here but he is found in his will.

 

1772:  The 1772 Tax record for Perquimans County, North Carolina indicates that William is no longer the head of the household.  His son Silas is a separate entry.  Son Thomas is listed as a poll in his mother Mary’s household.  The two negroes are named Doll and Venus, supporting this is the same family with William missing.

 

1772:  Here is a copy and transcript of William’s will.  It is dated March 7, 1772.  It seems reasonable to assume he died soon thereafter since the tax record for 1772 does not list him.  The same sons are listed in the will as in the Quaker records.  The same negroes as the 1771 and 1772 Tax records are also listed by name.

007640069_00381 (2)007640069_00382 (2)

Transcript of William Hasket’s Will:

North Carolina

Perquimians County Know all men by these presents that I William Hasket of the county and Province aforesaid (?) being sick and weak of body but of sound and disposing mind and memory thanks be given to God for the care and calling to mind the mortality of the body do f? the disposal of worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life make and ordain these (?) to contain my last will and testament in the following manner and form right.

First  It is my will that all my just debts and funeral expenses be paid out of my Estate in convenient time after my decease.

Item  I leave the use of my plantation, land and improvements where I now live to my wife Mary Hasket during her natural life.

Item  I give the aforementioned plantation, lands and improvements with fifty acres of woodland with I bought of Josiah Boque to my son Thos. Hasket and the heirs lawfully begotten of his body forever but if my said son Thomas Hasket should fail of such heirs of his body as aforesaid that then the above mentioned land shall be equally divided between my sons John and Silas Hasket and the heirs lawfully begotten of their bodies forever my son Silas to have the lower part of my plantation land on which I live out along the new road to the up River Road and so straight across to the back line.

Item  I give to my son John Hasket ninety acres of woodland be the same more or less which I bought of Benjamin Munden taken up by Robert Cox lying near the head of the fork swamp to him his heirs and assigns forever.

Item  I leave the use of the labor of all my negroes to my wife Mary Hasket during the term of her natural life.

Item  I give to my son Thos. Hasket one negro girl called Venus only it is my will and intent that if said negro Venus should have a child or children with five years from the date hereof that such issue should go as hereafter directed.

Item  I give to my son Joseph Hasket my negro woman named Doll only my will is that if said negro Doll should have a child or children within five years from the date hereof that her issue shall go as hereafter directed.

Item  It is my will and intent and I do hereby give to my son John Hasket one of the before reserved increase if any such happen and he to have first choice and my son Joseph Hasket to have another and to have a second choice and the remaining reserved increase if any such to be equally divided between my sons John, Joseph, Silas, and Thomas Hasket.

Item  I give to my son Silas Hasket my negro boy named Samson.

Item  I give to my son Isaac Hasket my mollatto boy name Mingo.

Item  I give to my son Abraham Hasket one thousand weight of fresh pork or the value thereof in Treasure notes or the passing bills of the Province.

Item  I give to my sons Joseph, Silas and Thomas Hasket to each of them one middling good feather bed and furniture.

Item  I give to my son Thomas Hasket one young horse called Prince.

Item  I give to my son Silas Hasket one horse called Spicer.

Item  I give all the rest of my personal estate to my wife Mary Hasket and to her disposal.

I likewise nominate, consititute and appoint my sons John Hasket Silas Hasket and Thomas Hasket executors of this my last will and Testament hereby revoking and disallowing all and any other former will or wills, legacies, bequests or executors before this time by one named, willed or bequeathed ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and Testament.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this seventh day of the third month commonly called March one thousand, seven hundred and seventy two.

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said William Hasket to be his last will and Testament in the presence of Joshua Bundy, Pearce Nixon, George Boswell Perquimins County.

October ?? Court 1772

Present his majesty’s Justices

This certifies that the above will was proved by the affirmation of Pearce Nixon and George Boswell and at the same time appeared John, Silas and Thos. Hasket and qualified as Executors according to law.  Test. Milus Harvey ?? January 27 1773  Recorded ?  Milus Harvey ??

 

 

Bibliography/Links
Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.
Original data: Swarthmore, Quaker Meeting Records. Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.North Carolina Yearly Meeting Minutes. Hege Friends Historical Library, Guilford College, Greensboro, North Carolina.Indiana Yearly Meeting Minutes. Earlham College Friends Collection & College Archives, Richmond, Indiana.Haverford, Quaker Meeting Records. Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania.
Ancestry.com. U.S., Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Vol I–VI, 1607-1943 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
Original data: Hinshaw, William Wade, et al., compilers. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. 6 vols. 1936–1950. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991–1994. Hinshaw, William Wade. Marshall, Thomas Worth, comp. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. Supplement to Volume 1. Washington, D.C.: n.p. 1948.
Colson, Harold. “1740 Tax List, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1740.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017.
Colson, Harold. “1750 Tax List, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1750.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold. “[1754] Militia Muster Roll, Perqquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax2.homestead.com/files/perqmilitia.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017.
Colson, Harold. “1754 Tax List, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1754.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold. “1760 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax2.homestead.com/files/perq1760.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017.
Colson, Harold. “1765 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax5.homestead.com/files/perq1765.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold. “1771 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax5.homestead.com/files/perq1771.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Colson, Harold. “1772 Tax Lists, Perquimans County, North Carolina.” Tax Lists of Perquimans County, North Carolina, perqtax.homestead.com/files/perq1772.html. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017
Ancestry.com. North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.
Original data: North Carolina County, District and Probate Courts.

 

His Y DNA Haplogroups – explained

If we follow His genetic mutations (changes to his Y-chromosome), His male ancestors are part of the I haplogroup.  A haplogroup is a specific set of mutations documented in a line believed to have originated in one specific ancestor.

John Y tree

His haplogroup history is very interesting to us.  Some are very expected and typical. Others are so expected to be unexpected.

P305 (A haplogroup) – This marker is believed to be an ancestor for 99.9% of all males currently living.  This mutation is believed to have occurred about 100,000 years ago.  Very few tribal males in Africa do not have this marker.  It supports the theory that Homo sapiens branch began in Africa and migrated to other places after this mutation. (1)

M42 (BT haplogroup) – This mutation is believed to have occurred about 80,000 years ago.  This marker is found everywhere in the world, leading scientists to believe this male ancestor’s descendants lead the way in leaving Africa. (2)

M168 (CT haplogroup) – This marker is found in all males living outside of Africa.  This mutation is believed to have occurred about 70,000 years ago in East Africa.  This branch of the Homo sapiens tree left Africa for the Middle East/Fertile Crescent region of the world.  Why did they leave Africa?  Million dollar question!  Most likely to follow the food. (3)

P143 (CF haplogroup) – The CT haplogroup quickly formed the CF and DE haplogroups.  CF branched about 70,000 years ago for form the C and F haplogroups.  (3, 4)

M89 (F haplogroup) – This marker is extremely common (about 90%) in non-African populations, especially south and southeastern Asia.  It is believed to have originated outside of Africa about 55,000 years ago.  Here is a picture of its distribution. (3, 5)

Haplogroup_F_(Y-DNA)

M578 (HIJK haplogroup) – This mutation is believed to have occurred about 50,000 years ago.  It is believed to be a branch off of the F haplogroup and is found in south and southwestern Asia. (6)

M429 (IJ haplogroup) – This mutation is also believed to have occurred in the southwestern Asia area and Middle East about 44,000 years ago.  This haplogroup gives rise to the I haplogroup – the haplogroup found in Europe.  (7)

M170 (I haplogroup) – The branch of the tree moved into Europe, probably as an ice age was ending and migration into that region was possible.  This marker is believed to have occurred about 20,000 years ago in Europe or near the boundary with Asia.  This is after the extinction of the Neanderthals so these ancestors must have interacted with them before this mutation occurred.  This is a very common European haplogroup with high concentrations in northern Europe and southwest Europe.  The I haplogroup (as blue and purple in the image) are found in different concentrations, leading scientists to believe there were waves of migration into Europe. (8)

His male ancestors were from the island of Brac in Croatia.  An article by Barac et al discusses the Y chromosome inheritance on this specific island.  This area of the world has the highest frequency (49%) reported in Europe.  His Y chromosome markers from 20,000 years ago support this!   This area has been inhabited since the middle Palaeolithic time period (100,000 – 40,000 years ago), overlapping with Neanderthals. (9)

Percentage_of_major_Y-DNA_haplogroups_in_Europe

M438 (I2 haplogroup) – The highest frequency of this marker is found in Bosnia and Herzegovina (located close to the island of Brac)  It is believed to have originated about 15,000 years ago. (10)

 

M423 (I2a1b haplogroup) – This marker is found in southeastern Europe and western Asia.  It is commonly found in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia.  It is found in the rest of Europe less than 1%.

M423 heat map

L621 (I2a1b2 haplogroup) – This is a south Slavic marker found in the highest frequency in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.  (10, 11)

So I guess this means He is actually of Croatian descent and His ancestors lived in this area for MANY years!

 

Sources:
I was unable to link to the information found in The Genographic Project by National Geographic.  Much of the information came from there.

(1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_A_(Y-DNA)(2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_BT
(3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_CT
(4) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_CF_(Y-DNA)
(5) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_F-M89
(6) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_HIJK
(7) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_IJ
(8) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_I-M170
(9) Barac, Lovorka et al. (2003)  Y Chromosome heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates.  European Journal of Human Genetics.  11, 535-542
(10) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_I-M438
(11) http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_I2_Y-DNA.shtml#I2a1b

 

His Y-DNA: Out of Africa

We had our DNA analyzed by The Genographic Project through National Geographic.  This is the first post about His results.

Here is some information from The Genographic Project web site:  (Bold is our addition.)

“Since its launch in 2005, National Geographic’s Genographic Project has used advanced DNA analysis and worked with indigenous communities to help answer fundamental questions about where humans originated and how we came to populate the Earth. Now, cutting-edge technology is enabling us to shine a powerful new light on our collective past. By participating in the latest phase of this real-time scientific project, you can learn more about yourself than you ever thought possible.
Your results give you an unprecedented view of your lineage. You will discover the migration paths your ancient ancestors followed hundreds and even thousands of years ago.
Included in the 300,000 markers we test for is a subset that scientists have recently determined to be from our hominin cousins, the Neanderthals, who split from our lineage around 500,000 years ago.
As modern humans were first migrating out of Africa more than 60,000 years ago, Neanderthals were still alive and well in Europe and Asia. It seems that our ancestors met, leaving a small genetic trace of these ancient relatives in our DNA. With Geno 2.0 Next Generation, you will learn if you have any Neanderthal DNA in your genome.

This post (His DNA Test Results) gives a brief look at His DNA.  We found that he has Neanderthal genes (about 1.5%) and is 55% Eastern European.

His basic ancestral migration pattern based on his various Y chromosome haplogroups is:  (years ago approximate)
– P305  central Africa 80,000+ ya
– M168  northeastern Africa c 70,000 ya
– P143  Middle East/Fertile Crescent region c 60,000 ya
– M429  eventually southeast Europe c 40,000 ya

This data shows that His male ancestors moved out of the African continent about 60,000 years ago and then moved into Europe about 40,000 years ago.  They interacted with the Neanderthals at some point after moving toward/into Europe.  (Neanderthals became extinct about 30,000 years ago.)

John Y tree